Orpheus, the hanging gardens of Semiramis, and the olympic gods – through the ages, ancient myths and subjects have strongly impacted the arts. The III. Summer School in Mainz will approach these topics from an interdisciplinary perspective by combining methodologies from musicology and the field of ancient and classical studies, focusing on the operas of Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714–1787). His compositions will be introduced from a holistic perspective, highlighting the interconnectedness of the many processes involved in the production of his operas and giving participants more insights into Baroque music theater and the reception of ancient subjects in the arts in general. How did narratives change through librettists’ adaptations of the myths and histories and how did this impact their understanding? How did Gluck approach setting these librettos to music? What restrictions and possibilities did Baroque stagecraft impose on the representation of the ancient subjects? In exploring these and other questions, comprehensive portraits of selected operas will be developed which contribute to an understanding of Gluck’s operas as a form of representational art.